Comparative Deviance: Perception and Law in Six Cultures

Author:   Graeme R. Newman ,  Marvin E. Wolfgang
Publisher:   Taylor & Francis Ltd
ISBN:  

9781138520899


Pages:   352
Publication Date:   07 March 2008
Format:   Hardback
Availability:   In Print   Availability explained
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Comparative Deviance: Perception and Law in Six Cultures


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Overview

Comparative Deviance represents a systematic attempt to survey public perceptions of deviant behavior cross-culturally: in India, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Yugoslavia and the United States. There is extensive diversity in both law and perception concerning such deviances as taking drugs, homosexuality, and abortion, yet there is evidence for a basically invariant structure in perception of deviance across all cultures. Within the countries studied in this volume, Geraeme Newman discovers that the strength of religious belief and urban rural background accounted for major differences in the perception of deviance - when differences were identified.Contrary to popular academic opinion in the United States, Newman finds that those countries with the most liberal laws on deviance (i.e., the least punitive sanctions) are also those highly economically developed and least totalitarian (United States and Italy). But when public opinion is considered, the public favors harsher punishments than the law provides. In contrast, in the developing countries of India, Iran and Indonesia, where penal sanctions are more severe, public opinion is much more liberal. The crucial question is the role criminal law plays in the process of modernization: whether law is a stable cultural influence, round which public opinion wavers in a startling fashion, depending on the stage of modernization.These findings challenge many assumptions of conflict theory in sociology, of cultural relativism in anthropology, and of ethical relativism in moral philosophy. All findings are examined in relation to research on modernization, social development, and the evolution of law. These fundamental issues are thus important to many different disciplines across the board.

Full Product Details

Author:   Graeme R. Newman ,  Marvin E. Wolfgang
Publisher:   Taylor & Francis Ltd
Imprint:   Routledge
Weight:   0.454kg
ISBN:  

9781138520899


ISBN 10:   1138520896
Pages:   352
Publication Date:   07 March 2008
Audience:   College/higher education ,  Tertiary & Higher Education
Format:   Hardback
Publisher's Status:   Active
Availability:   In Print   Availability explained
This item will be ordered in for you from one of our suppliers. Upon receipt, we will promptly dispatch it out to you. For in store availability, please contact us.

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