Seriation, Stratigraphy, and Index Fossils: The Backbone of Archaeological Dating

Author:   R Lee Lyman ,  Professor Michael J O'Brien
Publisher:   Springer
ISBN:  

9781280207211


Pages:   258
Publication Date:   01 January 1999
Format:   Undefined
Availability:   In stock   Availability explained
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Seriation, Stratigraphy, and Index Fossils: The Backbone of Archaeological Dating


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It is difficult for today's students of archaeology to imagine an era when chronometric dating methods were unavailable. However, even a casual perusal of the large body of literature that arose during the first half of the 20th century reveals a battery of clever methods used to determine the relative ages of archaeological phenomena, often with considerable precision.; Stratigraphic excavation is perhaps the best known of the various relative-dating methods used by prehistorians. Although there are several techniques of using artifacts from superposed strata to measure time, these are rarely if ever differentiated. Rather, common practice is to categorize them under the heading stratigraphic excavation'. This text distinguishes among the several techniques and argues that stratigraphic excavation tends to result in discontinuous measures of time - a point little appreciated by modern archaeologists.; Although not as well known as stratigraphic excavation, two other methods of relative dating have been important in Americanist archaeology: seriation and the use of index fossils. The latter (like stratigraphic excavation) measures time discontinuously, while the former - in various guises - measures time continuously. Perhaps no other method used in archaeology is as misunderstood as seriation, and the authors provide detailed descriptions and examples of each of its three different techniques.; Each method and technique of relative dating is placed in historical perspective, with particular focus on developments in North America, an approach that allows a more complete understanding of the methods described, both in terms of analytical technique and disciplinary history. This text will appeal to all archaeologists, from graduate students to seasoned professionals, who want to learn more about the backbone of archaeological dating.

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Author:   R Lee Lyman ,  Professor Michael J O'Brien
Publisher:   Springer
Imprint:   Springer
ISBN:  

9781280207211


ISBN 10:   1280207213
Pages:   258
Publication Date:   01 January 1999
Audience:   General/trade ,  General
Format:   Undefined
Publisher's Status:   Active
Availability:   In stock   Availability explained
We have confirmation that this item is in stock with the supplier. It will be ordered in for you and dispatched immediately.

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