Occurrence, Fate and Impact of Atmospheric Pollutants on Environmental Health

Author:   Laura L. McConnell (Research Chemist, Research Chemist, United States Department of Agriculture) ,  Jordi Dachs (Department of Environmental Chemistry, Department of Environmental Chemistry, Institute for Environmental Assessment and Water Research) ,  Cathleen J. Hapeman (Research Chemist, Research Chemist, United States Department of Agriculture)
Publisher:   Oxford University Press Inc
ISBN:  

9780841228900


Pages:   288
Publication Date:   12 June 2014
Format:   Hardback
Availability:   To order   Availability explained
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Occurrence, Fate and Impact of Atmospheric Pollutants on Environmental Health


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Overview

Throughout the world, urban and agricultural communities have become more spatially intertwined resulting in blurred land use boundaries. Thousands of persistent and non-persistent organic pollutants are emitted to the atmosphere from primary and secondary sources. Emissions from urban, agricultural, and natural areas, such as particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and semi-volatile organic pollutants, can decrease overall air quality and negatively affect human health. These atmospheric pollutants can also be transported an deposited to proximate and remote ecosystems leading to adverse effects. After being emitted to the atmosphere, pollutants are subject to a variety of processes, such as diffusive air-water, air-soil and air-vegetation exchanges, gas-particle partitioning, dry/wet deposition, photochemical degradation, etc. All of these processes may influence their atmospheric occurrence, transport, deposition, and impact on the environment.This publication, developed after a symposium at the 2012 Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry World Congress in Berlin Germany, examines emerging trends in research related to the role of the atmosphere in facilitating the global transport of pollutants and as an exposure pathway for humans and wildlife. Major topics include the examination of atmospheric processes controlling the fate and transport of persistent organic pollutants; modeling and assessment of human and wildlife exposure; and novel approaches for utilizing the atmosphere as a tool to assess sources of contamination.

Full Product Details

Author:   Laura L. McConnell (Research Chemist, Research Chemist, United States Department of Agriculture) ,  Jordi Dachs (Department of Environmental Chemistry, Department of Environmental Chemistry, Institute for Environmental Assessment and Water Research) ,  Cathleen J. Hapeman (Research Chemist, Research Chemist, United States Department of Agriculture)
Publisher:   Oxford University Press Inc
Imprint:   Oxford University Press Inc
Dimensions:   Width: 16.20cm , Height: 2.20cm , Length: 23.00cm
Weight:   0.524kg
ISBN:  

9780841228900


ISBN 10:   0841228906
Pages:   288
Publication Date:   12 June 2014
Audience:   Professional and scholarly ,  Professional & Vocational
Format:   Hardback
Publisher's Status:   Active
Availability:   To order   Availability explained
Stock availability from the supplier is unknown. We will order it for you and ship this item to you once it is received by us.

Table of Contents

Preface .............................................................................................................................. ix Atmospheric Processes Controlling Fate and Transport 1. Atmospheric Transport, Cycling and Dynamics of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) from Source Regions to Remote Oceanic Areas ..................... 3 Rosalinda Gioia, Jordi Dachs, Luca Nizzetto, Rainer Lohmann, and Kevin C. Jones 2. Soil-Air Exchange Controls on Background Atmospheric Concentrations of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), Organochlorine Pesticides (OCPs), and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs): A Case Study from Temperate Regions .................................................................................................................... 19 Ana Cabrerizo, Jordi Dachs, and Damia Barcelo Modeling and Assessment of Human and Wildlife Exposure from Atmospheric Pollutants 3. Trace Metals in Saharan Dust: The Use of in Vitro Bioaccessibility Extractions To Assess Potential Health Risks in a Dustier World ..................... 41 Suzette A. Morman, Virginia H. Garrison, and Geoffrey S. Plumlee 4. Human Exposure to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Urban and Rural Ambient Air ................................................................................................. 59 Barend L. van Drooge 5. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) Residues on Tobacco Smokers' Hands: Potential Vector for Exposure to Non-Smokers .................................... 83 T. J. Fleming and J. T. F. Ashley 6. Utilizing Monitoring Data and Spatial Analysis Tools for Exposure Assessment of Atmospheric Pollutants in Denmark ........................................... 95 Ole Hertel, Steen Solvang Jensen, Matthias Ketzel, Thomas Becker, Robert George Peel, Pia Viuf Orby, Carsten Ambelas Skjoth, Thomas Ellermann, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Mette Sorensen, Elvira Vaclavic Brauner, Zorana Jovanovic Andersen, Steffen Loft, Vivi Schlunssen, Jakob Hjort Bonlokke, and Torben Sigsgaard 7. Pesticides in Amphibian Habitats of Central and Northern California, USA ........................................................................................................................ 123 Gary M. Fellers, Donald W. Sparling, Laura L. McConnell, Patrick M. Kleeman, and Leticia Drakeford Utilizing the Atmosphere as a Tool To Assess Sources of Environmental Contamination 8. Is There Still New DDT in North America? An Investigation Using Proportions of DDT Compounds ........................................................................ 153 Terry F. Bidleman, Perihan B. Kurt-Karakus, Fiona Wong, Henry A. Alegria, Liisa M. Jantunen, and Hayley Hung 9. Assessment of Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Atmosphere of Latin America ................................................................................................................. 183 Karina S. B. Miglioranza, Mariana Gonzalez, Paola M. Ondarza, Francesca Mitton, Sebastian Grondona, Valeria Shimabukuro, Ricardo Barra, and Gilberto Fillmann 10. Perspective on Changes in Atmospheric Concentrations of Lindane and the Pre-Emergent Herbicides (Trifluralin, Ethalfluralin, Triallate) in the Canadian Prairies ................................................................................................ 201 Renata Raina-Fulton, Patricia Hall, and Noof Alzahrani 11. Sources, Transport and Deposition of Atmospheric Organic Pollutants in the Mediterranean Sea ......................................................................................... 231 Javier Castro-Jimenez, Naiara Berrojalbiz, Laurance Mejanelle, and Jordi Dachs Editors' Biographies .................................................................................................... 261 Indexes Author Index ................................................................................................................ 265 Subject Index ................................................................................................................ 267

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Author Information

Laura L. McConnell and Cathleen Hapeman are Research Chemists for the United States Department of Agriculture. Jordi Dachs is affiliated with the Institute for Environmental Assessment and Water Research.

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