History of Modern Mathematics

Author:   David Eugene Smith
Publisher:   General Books LLC
ISBN:  

9780217223584


Pages:   116
Publication Date:   09 August 2009
Format:   Paperback
Availability:   In Print   Availability explained
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History of Modern Mathematics


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Purchase of this book includes free trial access to www.million-books.com where you can read more than a million books for free. This is an OCR edition with typos. Excerpt from book: IRRATIONAL AND TRANSCENDENT NUMBERS. 13 To Gauss is also due the representation of numbers by binary quadratic forms. Cauchy, Poinsot (1845), Lebesque (1859, 1868), and notably Hermite have added to the subject. In the theory of ternary forms Eisenstein has. been a leader, and to him and H. J. S. Smith is also due a noteworthy advance in the theory of forms in general. Smith gave a com- plete classification of ternary quadratic forms, and extended Gauss's researches concerning real quadratic forms to complex forms. The investigations concerning the representation of numbers by the sum of 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 squares were advanced by Eisenstein and the theory was completed by Smith. In Germany, Dirichlet was one of the most zealous workers in the theory of numbers, and was the first to lecture upon the subject in a German university. Among his contributions is the extension of Fermat's theorem on xn -f-y = z, which Euler and Legendre had proved for = 3, 4, Dirichlet showing that xb--y az. Among the later French writers are Borel; Poincare, whose memoirs are numerous and valuable; Tannery, and Stieltjes. Among the leading contributors in Germany are Kronecker, Kummer, Schering, Bachmann, and Dedekind. In Austria Stolz's Vorlesungen iiber allgemeine Arithmetik (1885-86), and in England Mathews' Theory of Numbers (Part I, 1892) are among the most scholarly of general works. Genocchi, Sylvester, and J. W. L. Glaisher have also added to the theory. Art. .3. Irrational And Transcendent Numbers. The sixteenth century saw the final acceptance of negative numbers, integral and fractional. The seventeenth century saw decimal fractions with the modern notation quite generally used by mathematicians. The next hundred years saw the imaginary become a powerful tool in the hands of De Mo...

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Author:   David Eugene Smith
Publisher:   General Books LLC
Imprint:   General Books LLC
Dimensions:   Width: 22.90cm , Height: 0.60cm , Length: 15.20cm
Weight:   0.182kg
ISBN:  

9780217223584


ISBN 10:   0217223583
Pages:   116
Publication Date:   09 August 2009
Audience:   General/trade ,  General
Format:   Paperback
Publisher's Status:   Active
Availability:   In Print   Availability explained
This item will be ordered in for you from one of our suppliers. Upon receipt, we will promptly dispatch it out to you. For in store availability, please contact us.

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