Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage

Author:   Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (Duke University)
Publisher:   Oxford University Press Inc
ISBN:  

9780190280307


Pages:   280
Publication Date:   19 March 2016
Format:   Hardback
Availability:   To order   Availability explained
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Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage


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Overview

Modern medicine enables us to keep many people alive after they have suffered severe brain damage and show no reliable outward signs of consciousness. Many such patients are misdiagnosed as being in a permanent vegetative state when they are actually in a minimally conscious state. This mistake has far-reaching implications for treatment and prognosis. To alleviate this problem, neuroscientists have recently developed new brain-scanning methods to detect consciousness in some of these patients and even to ask them questions, including Do you want to stay alive? Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage addresses many questions regarding these recent neuroscientific methods: Is what these methods detect really consciousness? Do patients feel pain? Should we decide whether or not to let them die or are they competent to decide for themselves? And which kinds of treatment should governments and hospitals make available? This edited volume provides contextual information, surveys the issues and positions, and takes controversial stands from a wide variety of prominent contributors in fields ranging from neuroscience and neurology to law and policy to philosophy and ethics. Finding Consciousness should interest not only neuroscientists, clinicians, and ethicists but anyone who might suffer brain damage, which includes us all.

Full Product Details

Author:   Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (Duke University)
Publisher:   Oxford University Press Inc
Imprint:   Oxford University Press Inc
Dimensions:   Width: 16.30cm , Height: 2.20cm , Length: 24.00cm
Weight:   0.554kg
ISBN:  

9780190280307


ISBN 10:   0190280301
Pages:   280
Publication Date:   19 March 2016
Audience:   College/higher education ,  Postgraduate, Research & Scholarly
Format:   Hardback
Publisher's Status:   Active
Availability:   To order   Availability explained
Stock availability from the supplier is unknown. We will order it for you and ship this item to you once it is received by us.

Table of Contents

1 - Finding Consciousness: An Introduction By Meghan Brayton and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong 2 - Discussion with a Caring Father By Ken Diviney and Katherine Grichnik PART I: Consciousness 3 - The Geography of Unconsciousness: From Apparent Death to the Minimally Conscious State By Jeffrey Baker 4 - Consciousness and Death: The Whole-Brain Formulation of Death By James L. Bernat 5 - Modes of Consciousness By Tim Bayne and Jakob Hohwy PART II: Diagnosis 6 - What is it like to be in a Disorder of Consciousness By Caroline Schnakers 7 - Decoding Thoughts in Behaviorally Non-Responsive Patients By Adrian Owen and Lorina Naci 8 - Persistent Vegetative State, Akinetic Mutism, and Consciousness By Will Davies and Neil Levy PART III: Ethics 9 - Lay Attitudes to Withdrawal of Treatment in Disorders of Consciousness and Their Normative Significance By Jacob Gipson, Guy Kahane, and Julian Savulescu 10 - Moral Conflict in the Minimally Conscious State By Joshua Shepherd 11 - What's Good for Them? Best Interests and Severe Disorders of Consciousness By Jennifer Hawkins 12 - Minimally Conscious States and Pain: A Different Approach to Patient Ethics By Valerie Gray Hardcastle PART IV: Law 13 - The Legal Circle of Life By Nita Farahany and Rachel Zacharias 14 - Guardianship and the Injured Brain: Representation and the Rights of Patients and Families By Joseph Fins and Barbara Pohl References Index

Reviews

You think people are either conscious or not? Think again. Walter Sinnott-Armstrong takes us by the hand through a forest of clinical exceptions and leaves us wondering what the very concept of consciousness really means. It is a brilliant analysis and collection of primary papers not to be missed because depending on the answer, we will decide whether or not to freely pull the plug on gramps. --Michael Gazzaniga, PhD, Director of the SAGE Center for the Study of Mind at the University of California, Santa Barbara


Author Information

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, PhD, is Chauncey Stillman Professor of Practical Ethics at Duke University in the Philosophy Department, the Kenan Institute for Ethics, the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, and the Law School. He has served as co-chair of the Board of Officers of the American Philosophical Association and co-director of the MacArthur Law and Neuroscience Project. He publishes widely in ethics, moral psychology and neuroscience, philosophy of law, epistemology, informal logic, and philosophy of religion.

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