Bayesian Analysis in Natural Language Processing

Author:   Shay Cohen ,  Graeme Hirst
Publisher:   Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Edition:   2nd Revised edition
ISBN:  

9781681735283


Pages:   343
Publication Date:   30 April 2019
Format:   Hardback
Availability:   In stock   Availability explained
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Bayesian Analysis in Natural Language Processing


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Overview

Natural language processing (NLP) went through a profound transformation in the mid-1980s when it shifted to make heavy use of corpora and data-driven techniques to analyze language.Since then, the use of statistical techniques in NLP has evolved in several ways. One such example of evolution took place in the late 1990s or early 2000s, when full-fledged Bayesian machinery was introduced to NLP. This Bayesian approach to NLP has come to accommodate various shortcomings in the frequentist approach and to enrich it, especially in the unsupervised setting, where statistical learning is done without target prediction examples. In this book, we cover the methods and algorithms that are needed to fluently read Bayesian learning papers in NLP and to do research in the area. These methods and algorithms are partially borrowed from both machine learning and statistics and are partially developed in-house in NLP. We cover inference techniques such as Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling and variational inference, Bayesian estimation, and nonparametric modeling. In response to rapid changes in the field, this second edition of the book includes a new chapter on representation learning and neural networks in the Bayesian context. We also cover fundamental concepts in Bayesian statistics such as prior distributions, conjugacy, and generative modeling. Finally, we review some of the fundamental modeling techniques in NLP, such as grammar modeling, neural networks and representation learning, and their use with Bayesian analysis.

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Author:   Shay Cohen ,  Graeme Hirst
Publisher:   Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Imprint:   Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Edition:   2nd Revised edition
ISBN:  

9781681735283


ISBN 10:   1681735288
Pages:   343
Publication Date:   30 April 2019
Audience:   Professional and scholarly ,  Professional & Vocational
Format:   Hardback
Publisher's Status:   Active
Availability:   In stock   Availability explained
We have confirmation that this item is in stock with the supplier. It will be ordered in for you and dispatched immediately.

Table of Contents

List of Figures List of Algorithms List of Generative Stories Preface (First Edition) Acknowledgments (First Edition) Preface (Second Edition) Preliminaries Introduction Priors Bayesian Estimation Sampling Methods Variational Inference Nonparametric Priors Bayesian Grammar Models Representation Learning and Neural Networks Closing Remarks Bibliography Author's Biography Index

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Author Information

Shay Cohen is a Lecturer at the Institute for Language, Cognition and Computation at the School of Informatics at the University of Edinburgh. He received his Ph.D. in Language Technologies from Carnegie Mellon University (2011), his M.Sc. in Computer Science from Tel-Aviv University (2004) and his B.Sc. in Mathematics and Computer Science from Tel-Aviv University (2000). He was awarded a Computing Innovation Fellowship for his postdoctoral studies at Columbia University (2011-2013) and a Chancellor's Fellowship in Edinburgh (2013-2018). His research interests are in natural language processing and machine learning, with a focus on problems in structured prediction, such as syntactic and semantic parsing. Graeme Hirst University of Toronto.

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